Training Courses / Training Course 2

AIPRG is providing training courses upon request of interested organizations.

/Arm version

Social Sector Development in Armenia

 

The lecture will cover the current state of the social development in Armenia, discuss demographics trends, employment, poverty and inequality in Armenia, their measurement methods and measurement related problems. The Armenian Social Security and Pension Systems will also be discussed.

 

Gohar Jerbashian, Ara Khanjian, Armineh Manookian, and Nerses Yeritsyan

 “Pension Reforms in Armenia”, AIPRG Concept

 

The purpose of this report is to present the main issues related with pension reform in Armenia. The paper describes the current pension system in Armenia which is a pay as you go, PAYG, system, where current employees make contributions to the pension system and these contributions are used to fund the benefits of current retirees. It is generally accepted that the current pension system has some weaknesses and needs improvement.

The report focuses on two alternative models of Pension System that can be introduced in Armenia. The results of actuarial simulation of different models and scenarios are presented.

  

Astghik Minasyan, Hasmik Ghukasyan

 “Targeting State Social Assistance to the Most Needy: The Armenian Experience”, presented at the Third International AIPRG conference on Armenia

 

The paper provides an overview and insights into the current social assistance program in

Armenia. It begins by outlining briefly the system of state social assistance that prevailed in the immediate post-Soviet period and the initial changes implemented during the first years of Armenia’s independence. It traces the transition from a single basis for allocating state compensation, the problems associated with the compensation or benefit being allocated regardless of family asset size, and the anomalies that arose with more than one type of benefit often being allocated to the same person. The result was an ineffective and sometimes unfair distribution of the scarce funds available for social assistance. Then the paper presents recent developments in the state social assistance scheme and the mechanisms associated with the introduction of the Family Vulnerability Evaluation System. It includes a summary of recent surveys, research and analysis which contributed to the development of current policy initiatives and it presents the main concepts and principles that serve as a basis for improved targeting. The paper concludes by outlining the new directions and ideas for the organization of social assistance that are currently being discussed among government agencies and policy makers.

 

Gohar Minasyan, Aghassi Mkrtchyan

“Factors behind Persistent Rural Poverty in Armenia”, presented at the Third International AIPRG conference on Armenia

 

Poverty monitoring through household surveys in the period 1996-2003 did not reveal poverty reduction in rural areas. At the same time poverty reduction in urban areas especially in the capital was significant. This paper attempts to contribute to a better understanding of the factors behind persisting rural poverty in Armenia.

 

Rural poverty in Armenia has been largely stagnant in the context of continuous growth in agriculture as rural farm incomes did not respond to the growing agricultural value-added. Further, negative relative price shocks may have held back agricultural growth significantly below the level of economic growth, thus impeding its potential to reduce rural poverty. Incomes from non-farm employment of rural households failed to increase while the growing state benefits and remittances were insufficient to serve as a safeguard from poverty. We use the data available from household surveys, national statistics as well as expert estimations to examine the factors impeding rural poverty reduction.